Shadowgraphy (Japanese: kage-e)
In Kage-e, men cast shadow of different objects by making amusing poses of themselves using props on shōji doors. (Shōji are sliding doors, it consists of translucent paper which is held together by lattice of bamboo.)
The shadowgraphy performing art provided an entertainment during occasions like tea ceremony. The Kage-e art prevailed in the latter part of the Edo period (1603 to 1868).
There is another art in Japan called tekage-e in which a person uses their hands and props to cast shadows on the shōji doors.
Here is a collection of Kage-e art from the book…
Title: Sokkyô kageboshi zukushi (Improvised Shadow Series)
Artist: Utagawa Hiroshige (1797–1858)