Jupiter is a gas giant planet. The atmosphere of the planet Jupiter is mostly made of helium and hydrogen gas. The other three gas giant planets are Saturn, Uranus & Neptune.
Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun. The distance of Sun from Jupiter is 483.6 million miles (778 million kilometers).
Jupiter is the largest planet in the Solar System. The diameter of the planet Jupiter is 142,800 km (88,736 miles).
Jupiter has the largest atmosphere in the Solar System. The atmosphere of the Jupiter spans over 5,000 km in altitude.
The rotation of Jupiter is the fastest in the Solar System. A day on Jupiter is 9 hrs. 51 min. so Jupiter has the shortest day of all the planets in the Solar System.
The shape of Jupiter is an oblate spheroid. Oblate spheroid means it has a bulge around the equator. It has been caused due to the fast rotation of the planet.
Jupiter emits more heat than it absorbs. Like Saturn, the Jupiter emits twice as much heat as it absorbs from the Sun. It is due to internal heat source.
Jupiter rings have three main segments. The ring present in Jupiter is faint. It is seen when it is backlit by the Sun. The ring is divided into three segments. They are halo, a main ring and gossamer.
Jupiter has the appearance of swirling cloud stripes. The appearance swirling cloud stripes is due to different gaseous substance. The lighter hued is called zones and the darker hued is called belts.
Jupiter has 67 natural satellites. Total 67 moons have been identified. 53 moons have been given name and 14 moons have no official name.
Jupiter’s moons are classified into eight types. The regular moons are classified into two types. They are: inner and Galiliean. The irregular moons are classified into six types. They are: Themisto, Himalia, Carpo, Ananke, Carme & Pasiphae.
Jupiter’s largest moons are called Galilean satellites. In 1610, Galileo Galilei discovered these moons. They are: Ganymede, Callisto, Lo and Europa.
Jupiter has the biggest moon in the Solar System. The biggest moon of the Solar System is Ganymede. It rotates around the planet Jupiter.
Jupiter has oval features in the atmosphere. The oval feature is caused by circulating wind. The most prominent oval feature is the Great Red Spot.
There is a Great Red Spot in Jupiter. The Great Red Spot is a giant spinning storm. The swirling gas is believed to have lasted hundreds of years.
Jupiter is called Solar System’s vacuum cleaner. It is located near the inner Solar System and has powerful gravity. It receives the most impact from comets and asteroids. It is believed Jupiter acts a shield for the inner planets.