Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun. The distance of planet Mars from the Sun is 141.6 million miles.
Mars is a terrestrial planet. Mars is one of the four terrestrial planets the other three are Mercury, Venus and Earth. It has canyons, rocky surface and volcanoes.
Mars has the largest dust storms in the Solar System. The orbit of the planet Mars is the most elliptical. This has resulted in extreme season therefore the planet Mars experiences fierce storm. These storms last for months.
Mars has the largest volcanic mountain. Olympus Mons is the tallest volcanic mountain in the Solar System. Its height is 25 km (15 miles) and its diameter is 600 km.
Mars has polar ice caps. The northern polar ice caps are called Planum Boreum. And the southern polar ice caps are called Planum Australe.
Mars has a thin atmosphere. The atmosphere of Mars contains carbon dioxide 96%, 1.93% argon, nitrogen 1.89% and traces of water and oxygen.
Mars has two natural satellites. The planet Mars has two natural satellites they are called Deimos and Phobos. In 1877, Asaph Hall discovered the two natural satellites of the planet Mars.
Mars is nicknamed the red planet. The surface of the planet Mars is rich in iron-laden clay. The iron and oxygen mix to form iron oxide, which gives the planet the appearance of reddish-orange.