Planet Saturn

The planet Saturn has a beautiful and a prominent ring in the Solar System. Hence, it is rightly nicknamed “the jewel of the Solar System”. It is the 2nd largest planet after Jupiter in the Solar System.

Saturday, one of the days of the week is named after Saturn.

Facts About Planet Saturn:

  • Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun.
    The distance of the planet Saturn from the Sun is 886.7 million miles.
  • The appearance of Saturn is a pale yellow color.
    The upper atmosphere of the planet Saturn is ammonia causing Saturn to appear pale yellow color.
  • Saturn is a gas giant planet.
    The atmosphere of the Saturn is made of helium and hydrogen. The other three gas giant planets are Jupiter, Neptune & Uranus.
  • Saturn has seven main rings.
    The rings are made of ice and rock. The rings are named alphabetically in the order they were discovered. Outwards from Saturn they are: D, C, B, A, F, G and E.
  • Saturn is the least dense planet.
    It doesn’t have much gravity. Therefore, the planet Saturn is not dense.
  • Saturn is the flattest planet.
    The rotation of Saturn is very fast, causing bulge around the equator and flatter near the polar region. The polar diameter is 90% of the equatorial diameter.
  • Saturn emits more heat than it absorbs.
    Like Jupiter, the Saturn emits twice as much heat as it receives from the Sun. It is due to hot interior. The temperature of the interior can reach up to 11,700°C (21,000°F).
  • Saturn has windy atmosphere.
    The wind blows at a speed of 1,800 km per hour (1,100 miles per hour) at the upper atmosphere.
  • Saturn has more than 62 moons.
    Titan is the largest moon of Saturn. Most of the moons of Saturn are less than 50 km in diameter.
  • Saturn is nicknamed the jewel of the Solar System.
    The Saturn has 7 stunning and most prominent rings. They are made of ice chunks and carbon dust.
  • Saturn is nicknamed the oldest of the old.
    The ancient Assyrians nicknamed the planet “oldest of the old” because of its slow movement against the backdrop of stars. It takes 29.46 Earth years to orbit around the Sun.

Planet Saturn Statistics:

Mass568.5×1024 kg
Diameter120,536 km
Density687 kg/m3
Gravity9.0 m/s2
Tilt of Axis26.7º
Mean Temperature-140ºC
Distance from Sun1433.5×106 km
Rotation Period10 hrs. 39 min.
Revolution Period29.46 Earth years

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