Venus is the second planet from the sun. The average distance of Venus from the sun is 67 million miles (108 million kilometers). It takes 6 min to sunlight to travel from sun to planet Venus.
The Venus is a terrestrial planet. It has a center core, rocky mantle and solid crust as it is a terrestrial planet. The planet Venus has mountains, valleys and volcanoes.
Venus is the brightest planet in the solar system. The clouds of the Venus reflect and scatter sunlight, hence Venus is the brightest planet.
Venus is the hottest planet in the solar system. Even though Mercury is the closest planet to the sun, Venus is the hottest. The atmosphere of the Venus has greenhouse gas they are carbon dioxide and sulfuric acid. These gas traps the heat resulting in the surface temperature of 470°C (880°F).
The rotation of Venus is retrograde. All planets rotate in anti-clockwise direction. The rotation of Venus on its axis is from west to east. Another planet that rotates in clockwise direction like the Venus is Uranus.
The Venus has the longer day than a year. Venus takes 243.017 Earth days to complete one rotation, it rotates very slowly. And the length of the year is 224.70 Earth days. So, one rotation in Venus is longer than one revolution.
The magnetic field of Venus is weak. Though Venus has almost the same size and core like planet Earth its magnetic field is weak. It is due to the slow rotation of planet Venus.
The Venus is almost perfect sphere. The pole-to-pole diameter is almost equal to the diameter of the equator.
The Venus is nicknamed morning/evening star. The planet is visible after sunset and before sunrise. Therefore, it is called morning and evening star.
The Venus is also nicknamed Sister/Twin Planet of Earth. The difference in the diameter of Earth and Venus is 638 km. And the mass of Venus is 81.5% of the Earth’s. Since, the mass & size of both the planets are almost similar Venus is called the sister or twin planet of the Earth.
Venus is the closest planet to the Earth. The average distance between the planet Venus and Earth is 25.5 million miles (41 million Km).
The Venus has no moon. Another planet that has no natural satellite is Mercury.
The next Venus transit is December 11, 2117. When the planet Venus passes between Sun and Earth it is called transit of Venus. The last transit of Venus occurred in June 6, 2012.